Íme, a Windsor-ház ékszerei
A brit királyi család gyönyörű ékszerei nem csak vizuálisan adnak sokat, de az egész történelem ott van bennük.
The Burmese Ruby Tiara is one of the few pieces in The Queen’s collection that she has commissioned and had made for herself. When she was married in 1947, The Queen received a necklace from the president of Burma with 96 rubies set in gold. 96 rubies was a significant number to the Burmese culture as it symbolized protection of the wearer from illness and evil. The Queen was never seen wearing this necklace and in 1973 decided the necklace and a tiara given to her by the Nizam of Hyderabad would be dismantled and the stones used to create a new piece. The resulting tiara was designed by Stewart Aldhouse for Garrard and incorporated the diamonds from the Nizam‘ tiara and the Burmese rubies. It is in the shape of a floral wreath and a matching pair of earrings was made with the leftover rubies. It is also interesting to note that The Queen did not have access to any major rubies until this tiara was created as she allowed her mother to hold onto the Crown Ruby Parure and Oriental Circlet after the death of King George VI.
On her wedding day back in May, the Duchess of Sussex looked stunning in a tiara originally made for Queen Mary. But also on that day, she wore a diamond bracelet on her wrist which was much overlooked by the public. The bracelet is made by Cartier and part of their Reflection de Cartier collection. It is current on sale on the Cartier website for $265,000. It is unknown when Meghan acquired this piece but it is lovely and I look forward to an occasion where Meghan will wear it again!
In honor of Princess Margaret’s birthday which was yesterday, I wanted to take a look at one of her most iconic pieces today. Her Cartier Rose brooch, most appropriate as her middle name was Rose. This 3D Rose was made by Cartier in 1938 and features baguette, single, and circular cut stones. I’m unsure exactly how the brooch came into Princess Margaret’s possession, but she began wearing it in the early 1950s as both a brooch and a pendant. It was most notably worn at the coronation of her sister in 1953. After Princess Margaret’s death, the brooch was inherited by her son and in 2006 sold at auction for £153,600. It seems Cartier May have reacquired the piece as it has featured in a few modeling campaigns for he firm.
This beautiful diamond and pearl brooch was a gift from Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria to Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck in 1870 when she asked him to be godfather to her son Prince Francis. The circle shaped brooch with a pearl center has a removable chain of collet diamonds suspended from it with three pearl drops. After the death of the Duchess of Teck, the brooch was inherited by her son Prince Francis along with a few other family jewels, including the Cambridge Emeralds. Prince Francis left these important family jewels to his mistress the Countess of Kilmorey and they later had to be retrieved by Queen Mary. The brooch was inherited by The Queen after Queen Mary’s death in 1953.
These diamond and emerald earrings were made by Garrard’s for Queen Mary as part of her Delhi Durbar Parure. They were made using one Cambridge Emerald, and one emerald supplied by Garrard’s. Each of the emeralds is surrounded by a diamonds. They were inherited by The Queen in 1953 who continues to pair the earrings with the Delhi Durbar Necklace.
Queen Alexandra’s Crown was made in 1902 for the coronation of King Edward VII. The last crowns worn by Queen Consorts were considered old and outdated. The crown was designed to have eight arches. On the bottom of four arches are crosses and the other four, fluer-de-lis. The main focus of the crown was the stone set in the middle of its center cross, the Koh-I-Nor. The Koh-i-Nor is a 105 carat diamond with a rich and violent history. It was designed to be worn both in the crown and as a brooch. Purple velvet and ermine were also used in the crown. After Queen Alexandra’s death, it was decided that the new Queen Mary would also have a new crown for her coronation, so Queen Alexandra’s Crown was never used again. The Koh-i-Nor was transferred to the new crown, and later the diamonds in Queen Alexandra’s Crown were removed to be used in new jewels, and replaced with paste.
This diamond and sapphire necklace was originally the property of Queen Victoria and passed down to King Edward VII, and then King George V. When King George V’s daughter Princess Mary married in the 1920’s he gave her Queen Victoria’s Sapphire Tiara, and this necklace as a wedding present. The original pendant on the necklace was a brooch presented to Queen Victoria by Prince Albert. Princess Mary wore the necklace frequently throughout her life. After Princess Mary’s death, her son auctioned off the necklace and in 1970 it sold for £19,200.
This Art Deco Leaf Brooch was gift from the Duke of York to the Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth) in 1928. It was made by Cartier and features a cluster of cabochon sapphires, emeralds, amethysts, and a ruby. It was given to The Queen by her mother as a birthday present during WWII. The brooch is not frequently worn and hasn’t been seen since it’s last outing in 1997.
The Cullinan IX Ring is make from the smallest of the major cleaves of the Cullinan Diamond. It was made in 1911 for Queen Mary, probably by Garrard’s and set on a platinum band. The diamond is 4.4 carats. It is probably the least worn of all the Cullinan Diamonds and has only been photographed worn on a handful of occasions.
This diamond bracelet was a wedding gift from Prince Phillip to Queen Elizabeth II. It was created in 1947 by jeweler Philip Antrobus Ltd., using diamond from a tiara given to Philip by his mother Princess Alice of Greece who had given away all of her possessions and begun a religious life. It is unknown which of her tiaras was dismantled but it is believed to be the tiara in the second photograph. It is a piece she has worn consistently throughout the years and clearly cherishes. In recent years she has lent the bracelet to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge which shows, in my opinion, how close the two have become.
There is much confusion and mystery surrounding Queen Mary’s Amethyst Parure with multiple suggestions on its fate, but I’ve done my best to stick to facts and create a timeline for its story. The parure consists of massive amethysts and diamonds and the tiara and necklace were created about 1815 according to one of the auction catalogues it was featured in. The other pieces were later additions. Queen Mary was first photographed wearing the tiara and necklace in the late 1890’s. It has been said the parure was a gift to her by the Tsar of Russia on a visit to England in 1908 but picture evidence proves this is incorrect. The parure stayed in Queen Mary’s possession until the end of her life. It was said the parure was inherited by The Queen Mother, but according to someone who owned the parure in the 1980’s, it was unhurried by Princess Margaret after Queen Mary’s death, and Princess Margaret sold it to him in the early 1980’s and was worn by his wife. The parure was then auctioned off by Sotheby’s in 1993. Since the 1993 auction only the necklace has resurfaced in public around the neck of Anna Wintour who borrowed it from a jeweler for an event. The rest of the parure, much like its history, is a mystery.